Counsellors are trained in various approaches whilst most of them are psychological. Counselling is initially an investigation of an unconscious, subconscious and conscious mind. However, there are approaches which a counsellor process based on human psychology.
Here is the list of scientific approaches in counselling:-
Person Centred Approach
This approach is totally based on derivations from humanistic psychology. This approach is mandated personally providing the person with a growth-promoting environment. The counsellor initially bounds the person with empathetic understanding, genuineness and unconditional positivity which most of the people crave for. This approach’s main objective is to assist people in the growth process.
Cognitive Behavioural Approach
This approach synthesises that the emotions arrive from beliefs, interpretations and generalisations in Life. Understanding this concept, counsellors help the people learn belief identification which plays a vital role in recoiling emotions and behavioural situations in life. This is an insight focal therapy where people dig out their negative thoughts and beliefs and fill up the void with their positive core beliefs.
Behaviour therapy emerged as a major power in psychology which is why it is applied to business, industry and child-rearing. This is an action-oriented approach dealing with current problems faced by people while they fail to realise their past. In one session of this therapy people facing such problems learn and practise certain skills where instructions, modelling and performance feedback is provided by the counsellors.
This approach is an experiential approach that emphasizes gaining a high rate of awareness. The initial objective of this therapy is to spread awareness amongst people what they’ve been experiencing since people have the capacity for self-control and regulation once they understand what’s happening with and around them. While emphasizing the direct experience of feelings, people confront feelings like pain, resentment, anxiety, grief and abandonment which is unexpressed by them.